English Horseback Riding: Learning to Jump on a Horse

In this post, I’m going to talk about learning to jump on a horse during english horseback riding.

More specifically, I’m going to talk about how you want position yourself and how you want to actually execute a jump in English horseback riding.

So during showjumping you’re not going to progress to very high jumps right away. You’re going to start with lower jumps and actually, you’re probably going to start with polls. 

english horseback riding - learning to jump on a horse

Then progress to low jumps like cross rails, and then you’re going to progress towards higher, parallel jumps. And then later on, you’re going across the higher jumps, oxers, etc.


I’m going to talk about not only the physical aspect, like what you need to be doing with your body, but also the mental aspect. All of this is hopefully going to prepare you for jumping and reduce risk of your horse rejecting the jump by making sure that your horse is properly set up for the jump and making sure that you’re more confident yourself in going into the jump.

Polls to Small Jumps – Eyes & Two Point

Okay. So the first thing I want to talk about is just going to start from scratch when you’re preparing for polls, and then I’ll talk about when you’re preparing for small jobs.

When you’re preparing for polls, you need to make sure that you can do polls in a two point because this is going to prepare you to do a low jump.

First thing is where your eyes are – always keep you’re eyes up and on where you are going.

keep your eyes up and to where you are going

When you’re doing a two point and heading towards the polls, you never want to look down at the polls.

When you’re turning towards your poll straight prior to being aligned with the polls, you do want to look at them because you want to be looking towards the general direction that you want your horse to turn to.

So you’re going to be looking towards the poles initially before your turn. But once you’re in line with the polls and centered when your horse and you are heading towards the polls straight on, you don’t want to be looking down at the polls anymore.

You want to look at the far end of the ring where you’re heading and keep your eyes directly in front of you. If the polls are close to the far end of the arena then you might want to start turning your head as you near the end of them.

But when you’re starting I recommend you keep your eyes on the far wall until you’re clear of the polls, just focusing on your two point position. Once you’re clear of them, get back into your sitting trot or your posting position and then immediately look which way you want your horse to turn on the far side.

During the polls in your two point, you want to keep your posture high and you want to keep your weight down in your heels. 

When you’re getting in your 2 point position, you wanted to make sure that your legs are tight and your bum is tight. Everything should be tight, but still loose enough that you’re moving with your horse, okay?

You also want to make sure that your weight is firmly in your heels so that the ball of your foot is tightly snug within the stirrups. You probably have a feel for this are ready if you’ve been riding for a little bit.

There’s this position that your legs get in were their nicely hugging the belly of your horse, you’re heels are pressed down nice and low and you generally feel stable and in tune with your horse.

This is how you want to be in your 2 point position. Your knees should be squeezing and hugging your horse. And you should only come out of the saddle slightly when you’re doing polls.

Generally, you’re not going to be doing your very high drums for a while. So you don’t need to have a major two point. It doesn’t need to be extreme where your bum is all the way out of the saddle in your entire body is leaned over your horse’s neck.

Don’t worry you’ll 100% get there but for now, just a little two point is perfect and you’ll impress your coach but just coming out of the saddle a bit. 

If you do this kind of extreme position, you’re putting yourself at risk for falling forward over your horse’s neck. Imagine if your horse decides to reject the jump, shy away from the jump or move unexpectedly in any way.

Being so far forward is not a stable position. A stable position is if you’re slightly out of the saddle so your weight is back and way down in your heels. The idea behind a two poitn is that you’re getting your weight off of the back of your horse to let your horse jump properly.

Now, let’s talk about reins. I would really recommend initially that, as well as gripping the rains, you also grip some of your horse’s mane. I know professional jumpers that still do this. There is no harm when you’re going over a jump to grip your horse’s mane a little bit.

That way, if your horse shies away for any reason or if your horse decides to do anything weird, it prevents you from pulling on your horse’s mouth to stabilize yourself.

It’s way better if you have a little bit of their mane instead of pulling on their mouth if anything goes sideways or even if you just feel a little shaky during the jump. It doesn’t hurt your horse at all to pull on their mane but it doens’t feel good for them at all if you pull on their bit, espeacially if you’re already feeling shaky. You might accidentally give them a mixed signal to turn in a way you don’t want them to turn or stop suddenly when you don’t want them to.

Since you’re just starting, you’re going to be a little bit shaky and that’s 100% okay. So just grab some mane to help you out with your two point but try you’re best to focus on balancing with your legs and keeping that weight down in your heels.

Polls to Small Jumps – Body Positioning & Stability

So now we’re going to talk a bit more about positioning and stability.

As I said, you want to be looking straight forward over the polls or small jump as you’re coming straight at it. Your leg needs to be on squeezing her horse. You want to feel as stable and a secure in your position as possible.

Then when you’re actually going over the polls, you want to let your body just relax slightly.

So going up to the jump, you want to be tight in your body, but not so tight that you’re completely bouncing as your horse is moving. You still need to move with your horse, but you do want to have a sense of tightness especially around your horse’s belly as you’re coming towards the polls.

The reason for this is that you want to be very controlled and you don’t want to lose any of your balance or positioning. 

english horseback riding

For people who are beginning, it’s very important for you to keep their position as steady as possible going up into jump because it just keeps you feeling ready and confident. When you start loosing your balance, you loose confidence and then you’re horse can feel that and is much more likely to reject the jump.

Also if you’re moving around too much in the saddle, you’re horse isn’t going to want to try and jump over something while you’re moving too much on top of him or her.

So you’re in the right position and you’re nice and stable and then you actually get to the polls or jump. Once you start going over, you’re going to notice that you have to loosen up the slightest bit to allow you’re body to follow you’re horses lead.

What I like to say is that it’s your job to get you’re horse to the jump in the best position possible and set everything up as best you can. That’s 100% your job. But then you’ve got to put the faith and trust in your horse and let them do the rest.

You’re just got to look at that far wall of the arena in your two point and trust that you’re horse is going to jump. If you have faith in your horse, they won’t let you down. It’s that few seconds of doubt that usually leads to a rejected jump.

So just put in 100% getting your position right, getting your alighment right and then keep your eyes up, get in your two point and keep your weight down in your heels and just relax the tiniest bit so you can follow your horse’s lead over the jump. 

let your horse do the jumping


Keeping that in mind, if you don’t do something quite right and you’ve got a forgiving, well-trained horse then your horse can usually make up for it.

If there is a little bit of a last minute correction, that’s also going to be a little bit bumpy. Especially going over the polls, your horse is going to bounce. So again, just make sure you’re relaxed enough to follow this movement.

Not so relaxed, obviously that your flopping all over the place. You still want to be controlled. You still want your hands to be in a controlled position. You want your body to generally not be moving around all over the place, but you also don’t want to be super rigid because if your super rigid, what’s going to happen is that your feet are actually in to come out of the stirrups.

Your feet are going to come out of the stirrups or your body is going to bounce up and down. 

Once your horse has accomplished the jump, then you can go back to a little bit more of a tighter controlled posture.

All right, so I think we’ve covered most of the steps!

Polls to Small Jumps – Overview

So let’s go through it from the beginning.

You’re coming around the turn, you’re breaking off from the outside path.

You’re going towards your polls or your jump.

You’re making sure that your horse is centered right in the middle of the polls or jump.

You make sure that you’re stable in the saddle, that you’re in the right position and make sure you’re looking ahead towards the back of the arena.

You’re not looking at the actual polls, but you’re looking to where you want to go.

You’re head is up and your shoulders are back.

You’re only slightly out of the saddle.

You can grip a little bit of your horses mane if you want and you let yourself relax just a touch so that you can move with your horse as your horse takes the lead and is bouncing over the poles.

Once you get over the polls, you look where you want to go and re-tighten and re-take control of your horse.

All right! Looks great 🙂

Higher Crossrails & Parallel Jumps

So once you moving onto the to a bit of a bigger jump like, the whole process is exactly the same as we just talked about.

The only difference is how much you have to adjust your two point and how confident you are and your horse is. The higher the jump, the more important it is to get your horse in the right position coming towards the jump.

As you start doing courses, you also have to start controling your horse’s pace to make sure they have enough room coming up towards the jump but that’s too advanced for this article.

professional showjumping position

One thing I will mention though that you may want to start working on even now is trying to signal to your horse as you’re jumping so that they break into the correct canter lead when they land. This is a little bit more advanced, I would say and you’re probably staying mostly in trots for the moment.

When you’re getting into jumps that are a bit higher and your horse starts breaking out of them in a canter, then I would suggest starting to practice.

When you’re doing courses later on, you want to be able to tell them which lead they have to break into because sometimes it’s going to be going left and sometimes right depending on how the course is setup.

Think of it as an advanced addition that will help you a lot as you start to get better and more advanced.

I find that it’s annoying to learn a certain way of jumping and then all of a sudden you’re trying to handle this big jump and all of the confidence that entails while also having to worry about which lead you’re telling the horse to go because you’ve gotten in the habit of always asking for a right lead without even realizing because of the way you were setting up your practice jumps most of the time.

Also a key to that is obviously when you’re when you’re landing from your jumped to start looking in the direction that you want to go in because that will help your body signal to your horse which lead is the right one.


Basically, what you need to know for now is that higher jumps will come a lot faster and be a lot easier if you master small jumps first because you’re letting your horse do the jumping part so if you’re horse can do it, so can you. 

You’re job is getting your horse to that jump in the right position and keeping yourself stable so your horse feels safe jumping. And that part is the same no matter what the jump is 🙂

Some notes to keep in mind: 

  • some horses will overjump little jumps so be prepared by doing the relaxing slightly and staying ready technique so you can move with your horse no matter where they go
  • some horses will under jump a small jump because they’re like “Oh, this is nothing, I don’t even need to really jump and then they kinda stumble over it’s like a poll basically” so for these horses, you have to keep the leg on for them going up to the jump so they work a little harder
  • if you’re horse rejects a jump, you’re most likely to fall off going forward from the inertia so don’t overdo your two point, rise up into it as your horse starts to jump and always keep your weight in your heels rather than letting it come forward (tip: you just feel a stretch in your hamstrings at the back of your legs when you’re putting your weight in your heels and coming up into a two point)
  • horses may trot up to a jump and then canter out of it which is totally fine but just be prepared for this and make sure you don’t let your horse run away from you after a jump, you only want to relax for that brief period where they’re jumping but afterwards you have to regain control

Do your Job and Let your Horse Do theirs

Okay well, I know that was a lot of information!

The main points that I want you to take away from this that you always want to remember are:

  1. Keep your weight in your heels and your eyes where you’re going
  2. Your job is getting your horse to the jump and your horse’s job is to do the jumping
  3. The more you perfect your ability to jump small jumps initially, the easier it will be for you to jump virtually any height down the line

english horseback riding - learning how to jump on a horse

I hope that it was useful for you and just let me know below if you have any questions. I’m super happy to answer them!

Happy riding,

Martina

 

 

 

 

12 thoughts on “English Horseback Riding: Learning to Jump on a Horse”

  1. Hi Martina, you offer a lot of good advice from start to finish for people who are just starting off jumping with their horse.

    I have always loved horses and always wanted my own when I was younger but that was never going to happen. I used to go to a riding school on a Saturday morning and loved it but never ever got round to doing any jumping – I’m hoping to actually get into it again which is how I stumbled across this post. 

    Also, I love to watch is the Horse of the Year show, especially the horse jumping and the dressage.

    Reply
  2. My father was a Jockey so I have lots of experience with horses and absolutely love them. I just finished reading your article on English Horseback Riding: Learning to Jump on a Horse. My daughter is a great rider and has an interest in Equestrian riding. We wanted her to be a Jockey like her grandpa but her decision is hers to make. I saved your article for her to read and saved your website to my favorites. Thanks for a great article.

    Jack

    Reply
    • Hey Jack,

      That’s incredible! I’m not too familiar with horse racing myself – I’m more on the side with your daughter into English and Western riding, especially showjumping. If she’s already jumping, it may be a little bit basic for her but if she skims through it, there are some more advanced points I throw in here and there 🙂 

      Cheers, 

      Martina 

      Reply
  3. Great tips and training on learning how to jump on a horse. I will try this from a-z. I believe in your words and can tell you are confident that this will work. From what you’ve said, I have to be confident too. I will maintain control of the horse during and after the jump. Thanks for all of your help.

    Reply
  4. Hey girl,
    You did a fantastic job on this article. It was thorough and I could really see myself doing it! Your instructions were clear and concise. It was very easy to tell you have a distinct connection with horses. I wanted to be an Equine Psychotherapist, but I was already to old to begin my training. That’s for the young pups. I think you are on the right track, don’t lose sight of your dream. Great job!

    Reply
  5. Hi Martina,

    Your article has brought back so many happy memories as I grew up in a riding school. Many of our students were recruited to the Sydney mounted police from our academy. Sadly I was too short.

    I have younger girlfriends who are still very active in eventing and western as we all have farms out this way. They sent me a youtube link called “Dressage meets Cowboy”. I wish I could give you the link as I am sure you would have enjoyed it as much as I did.

    I do have a question. At what point when your horse is airborne do you signal a change of lead at the canter?

    I am looking forward to your reply.

    Kind regards
    Coucka

    Reply
    • Hi Karen, Awww I’m so happy to hear that! Do you still ride at all? As soon as I’m jumping I’m looking in the right direction and positioning my body. Right as I’m about to land is when I usually start giving the signal and then really squeeze as we’re landing. Usually looking in the right direction and positioning your body will be enough for a horse you have a great connection with but some horses will need more of a queue 🙂 Hope that helps! 

      Warmly, 

      Martina 

      Reply
  6. Hi Martina,
    Thanks for that eye opening post. I didn’t know that horseback riding has so much to learn about! I usually admire how that horses have such a huge and interesting history in battles and as a sport.
    For a green beginner who would be very far away from even attempting a jump, what breeds would you recommend for them to start with as they develop the skills to professional horseback racing?

    Reply
    • Hey there, 

      It’s not so much about the breed as it’s about how to horse is raised and their disposition. Look for a barn nearby with some docile trail horses to start off with 🙂 

      Reply

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